Five Degrees of Freedom

Five Degrees of Freedom
November 10, 2017 | 19 Comments

The Equine Fusion team always put horse health and safety first. To make sure our animal friends are comfortable and stay healthy we have developed some principles for our jogging shoes to live up to. We call them the Five Degrees of Freedom.

  1. Downwards – The need for dampening (sink into the contact surface/use entire hoof area)
  2. Forward – The need for slide/strike movement (just the right amount of grip)
  3. Sideways – (outwards both sides at the heel) – the need to secure natural blood flow and dampening
  4. Torsion – the need for the hoof to twist freely at contact with the ground
  5. Take the jogging shoe on/off – only use when needed

Why are the Five Degrees of Freedom important?

To give balance and stability since every horse land differently depending on surface and gait.
To enable natural hoof functionality and promote soundness of the horse.
To give the rider the freedom of choice to use a hoof protection when needed.
The five freedoms play an important role in both horse and rider safety, connecting you with your horse from the ground up.

How can the Equine Fusion Jogging Shoe help ensuring that the Five Degrees of Freedom are met?

Renate Weller, professor at the Royal Veterinary College in London, has done research on lameness in horses. The research showed that 80 percent of horse lameness is located in the foot. This shows how important Equine Fusions focus on hoof health is. Our soles are made out of rubber. Rubber is a formable material, which makes it possible for the hoof to expand and sink into the sole when the hoof lands, as well as utilize the entire area under the hoof. This encourages blood flow and circulation in the horse’s hooves.

In 2016, Equine Fusion partnered up with Professor Lars Roepstorff and The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences to complete a testing program using the Orono Biomechanical Surface Tester. The test compared our jogging shoes to other alternative hoof boot designs as well as steel shoes. The tests showed that our All Terrain sole reduced the maximum loads on the hoof at the early landing phase better than any other object tested.

The five freedoms make up an important framework for Equine Fusion while working on making the best hoof boots possible. Your horses are depending on the riders to keep their hooves healthy, and we are here to help your four-legged friends remain happy and performing horses!

Read more about the testing here:


What do shoes do? – Effect of farriery on locomotor biomechanics (65 pages, presentation 12.11.2016)
Renate Weller – Drmedvet, PhD, MscVetEd, FHEA, MRCVS, ACVSMR
Professor of Comparative Imaging and Biomechanics – The Royal Veterinary College


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